The Mountain Resort in Chengde is one of the four most famous Chinese gardens and one of the largest and best-preserved imperial gardens. It used to be a summer resort and hunting ground for emperors of the Qing Dynasty and was also used to organize martial arts competitions and receive elites of ethnic groups from around China. The Mountain Resort is located in the city of Chengde in Hebei Province, covering an area of 5.64 million square meters, almost half the area of Chengde’s urban area. Construction of the Mountain Resort began in 1703 under the rule of the Emperor Kangxi and was completed in 1792 under the rule of the Emperor Qianlong. It was another political center apart from Beijing for the Emperor Qianlong who would stay here to deal with state affairs such as political, military, ethnic, and diplomatic ones. The Mountain Resort in Chengde and the surrounding temples were placed on the World Heritage List in 1994.